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Bible I Kings In the Hebrew Scriptures the book of Kings (ylm) was originally one book

1. Kings was broken into two books for convenience sake because of its length

2. Josephus' limitation of the Hebrew canon to twenty-four books seems to verify a unified Kings:

a. Lamentations may have been with Jeremiah

b. Ruth may have been with Judges

c. Kings may have been one book

C. The English has adopted the fourfold division of the historical books after the Greek Septuagint but with the Hebrew names of 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings

D. The Books of Samuel and Kings cover Israel's period as a nation under a king:

1. Samuel--Saul

2. Samuel--David

3. Kings--Solomon and the divided kingdom

4. Kings--The fall of the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah

E. Placement in the Hebrew Scriptures: One of the Prophets

1. The Prophets is grouped into Former Prophets (Joshua-2 Kings [not including Ruth]) and Latter Prophets (Isaiah-Malachi [without Lamentations and Daniel.

F. Placement in the Greek/English Scriptures: One of the Historical Books

1. As with the Greek Septuagint (LXX) 1 and 2 Kings are grouped along with the twelve historical books (Joshua to Esther).

2. As Walton and Hill write, “the books share a prophetic view of history in which cause and effect are tied to the blessings and cursings of the covenant.”
II. AUTHOR OF KINGS:11 An Anonymous Editor-Compiler-Author (Jeremiah?) from the sixth century B.C.

A. The Deuteronomistic School:

1. A late eighth or early seventh century school which aligned itself with Judah and the reforms of Josiah (640-608 B.C.) and extended through the exilic period writing historical works supports the principles in Deuteronomy (a late book written for Josiah’s reforms

2. This theory requires Deuteronomy to be a late document which was composed to support Josiah’s reforms (622 B.C.)

3. The theory suggests that the editors then rewrote Joshua-Kings to express the interests of theological reform which were expressed in the forged Deuteronomy.

4. Kings would have been written in two redactions: (1) pre-exilic during Josiah’s reign and reforms which explains the pro-southern kingdom tone, and (2) exilic prompted by the release of Jehoiachin (560 B.C.) and dated around 550 B.C.

5. However, Deuteronomy demonstrates unity on the level of a second millennium Hittite suzerainty-vassel treaty. This argues sharply against a late creation of the document, and thus the necessity of a Deuteronomistic school as its creators and thus the creators of Kings

6. Yes, Kings are Deuteronomistic in that they reflect the theology of Deuteronomy, but it is a Mosaic theology and not a fabricated theology to support the reform under Josiah

B. Jeremiah the Prophet:

1. Traditional Jewish scholarship has identified the writing/compiling of this book with the prophet Jeremiah

2. Some of the basis for the identification of Jeremiah with Kings is the similarity of Jeremiah 52 with 2 Kings 24--25

3. Another support for Jeremiah as the author is that the history of Kings gives prominence to the place of true prophets in both the Israelite and Judean ministries

4. Another support for Jeremiah is that the writer seems to have been an eye witness to the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.)

5. Those who identify Jeremiah as the author consider the historical abstracts at the end of 2 Kings (Gedaliah, governor of Judah in 2 Ki. 25:22-26, and Jehoiachin’s release in Babylon in 2 Ki. 25:27-30) as being latter additions

6. Also the author of Kings does not use the familiar names for the kings of Judah as Jeremiah did (cf. 2 Ki. 24:8)

7. Richard D. Patterson and Hermann J. Austel write, “Despite the lack of dogmatic certainty, a reasonable case can be made for Jeremianic authorship (cf. G. Archer, SOTI rev. p. 289). S. J. Shultz (‘Kings,’ ZPEB, 3:812) affirms the likelihood that ‘the prophets kept the records throughout the generations of the Hebrew Kingdoms.’ Since he was descended from the priestly line of Abiathar, and since in all probability his father, Hilkiah, was active in communicating both the traditional facts and the teaching of Israel’s past, it is very likely that Jeremiah had access to historical and theological source materials. Furthermore he would have had more ready entrée to royal annals than any other prophet. Certainly no other prophet was so intimately involved in the final stages of Judah’s history. If so, Jeremiah may have been active in composing the greater part of the history of the book of Kings (1 Kings 14-- 2Kings 23:30) during the so-called silent years of his prophetic ministry after his call in 627 B.C., during the long reign of the godly Josiah. Certainly the contents of all but the last appendix (2 Kings 25:27-30) could have been written by Jeremiah. Perhaps this was added by Baruch or drawn from Jeremiah 40--44, possibly also was written by the same writer as a bridge to the later historical notice concerning Jehoiachin.

C. An Anonymous Editor-Compiler-Author of the Sixth Century B.C.

1. This allows for the historical abstracts at the end of 2 Kings 25

2. This writer probably was a an exile who lived in Babylon during the captivity (2 Kings 25:27-30)

This could not have been Jeremiah since he died in captivity in Egypt

3. This may or may not have been a prophet

4. Some have felt that it was either Ezra or Ezekiel

5. He certainly used sources

6. He had a sense of how the northern and southern kingdoms' histories were built upon their covenant relationship with the Lord
III. SOURCES USED IN KINGS: Several sources were used in the construction of the books of kings:

A. Those which are specifically mentioned:

1. The Book of Acts of Solomon (1 Kings 11:41)

2. The Book of the Chronicles/Annals of the Kings of Israel (mentioned seventeen times in 1 Kings 14:29--2 Kings 15:31)

3. The Book of the Chronicles/Annals of the Kings of Judah (1 Kings 15:23)

B. Those which are not specifically mentioned, but are proposed by some:

1. The Succession Narrative or Court Memoirs/History of David 1 Kings 1:1--2:11

2. An Elijah-Elisha Prophetic Cycle with the House of Ahab (1 Kings 16:29--2 Kings 13)

3. An Isaiah Source (2 Kings 18:13--20:19)

4. An independent Prophetic Source

5. Two concluding Historical Abstracts (2 Kings 25:22-26, 27-30)

A. The books of Kings were Written between 560 and 538/539 B.C.

1. The last event recorded in 2 Kings 25:27-30 is the release of Jehoichin from prison during the thirty-seventh year of his imprisonment (560 B.C. [597 B.C. minus 37 years of captivity = 560 B.C.]). This marks the earliest date that Kings could have been completed

2. Since there is no mention of a return to Jerusalem after the captivity, it is probable that the book was written before that event in 538/539 B.C. This marks the latest date that Kings could have been written.
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DESCRIBE BOOZIENESS What the Bible Says About Alcohol and Alcoholism

Alcoholics can't control their drinking. If you are an alcoholic, you have a compulsive desire to drink. When you drink, your negative personality traits, such as anger, may be intensified and your problems may seem magnified. In order to cover up your alcoholism, you may tend to overdo in other areas of your life.

Chances are, you need a drink at certain times of the day in order to get going, to face your problems, or to relax. And you may even drink on the job. Of course this means that your work and efficiency is slacking off. And your home life is probably suffering as well. You are enslaved by the sin of alcoholism.

Yet there is hope. God is able to deliver you completely by cleansing, sanctifying, and justifying you (I Corinthians 6:9-11). Though alcohol abuse is a failing of the flesh (Galatians 5:19-21), the Holy Spirit can, and will, produce the self-control you needto overcome it (Galatians 5:22-23).

What Scripture Says

'He who conceals his sins does not prosper, but whoever confesses and renounces them finds mercy.' (Proverbs 28:13).

'Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective' (James 5:16).

'If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness' (I John 1:8,9).

'Your wickedness will punish you. Your backsliding will rebuke you. Consider then and realize how evil and bitter it is for you when you forsake the Lord your God and have no awe of me' (Jeremiah 2:19).

'For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him' (John 3:17).

'Jesus answered her, 'If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked Him and He would have given you living water'' (John 4:10).

'But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth' (Acts 1:8). (Here is the key to beating alcoholism -- through the power to overcome.)

'But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. Against such things there is no law' (Galatians 5:22, 23). (God will produce will power for the powerless.)

'Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit' (Ephesians 5:18).

'Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler: whoever is led astray by them is not wise' (Proverbs 20:1).

Is There Hope?

If you have a drinking problem, you have probably felt condemned by yourself and others. Rather than condemning, however, God emphasizes how to overcome by receiving salvation, the baptism of the Holy Spirit, and the fruit of the Spirit. With these you will have the ability to become free and stay free of alcohol.

The saying 'once an alcoholic, always an alcoholic' is based on the fact that a recovered alcoholic can never go back to drinking in any amount without being controlled by it again. Therefore, you need to ask God to deliver you from the desire to drink at all.

Practical Help

You probably have tried to stop drinking before and it has not worked for you. You may have tried religion or you may even be a Christian. What you need is practical spiritual help. Seek out a Spirit-baptized counselor. Ask him to pray for deliverance for you -- especially from compulsiveness, psychological and physical dependence, and even from the desire to drink.

You may have been told, 'You must stop drinking and never drink again.' But the pressure of having to face life without drinking may be overwhelming. Focus on the present. Decide that you will not have a drink right now. 'Live one day at a time. Each day has enough trouble of its own' (Matthew 6:34).

You need to modify and change your lifestyle. The Bible speaks of being transformed by the renewing of your mind' (Romans12:2). You can renew your mind through your reading and thinking habits. The Bible and devotion testimonial books will be most helpful. Dwell on God and His Word rather than on your problem.

Learn and follow the principle of praise (honor and respect) to God each time you are tempted to drink. 'Through Jesus, therefore, let us continually offer to God a sacrifice of praise -- the fruit of lips that confess his name' (Hebrews 13:15). It is important to change your perspective from yourself to God, and from the drink to God. Praise God the Problem-solver rather than the problem. Remember that you can be just as chained to sin by trying not to do it as you are by doing it. As long as your attention is on the sin, you are honoring it. But if your attention is on God, you are honoring Him. 'Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith' (Hebrews 12:2).

Contact a Spirit-filled church, or prayer group, and Alcoholics Anonymous. Try a local church the pastor can help you do this.

You may have a spouse, relative, or friend who is not an alcoholic and wants to help you. He or she may need salvation, the baptism of the Spirit, and the fruit of the Spirit for their own sake. They can then better intercede for your deliverance from alcohol.

Your close relatives may need to know how to help spiritually in your effort to recover. They should know that openly condemning an alcoholic is not effective. It may just feed your sense of 'joyous agony' because you are 'getting what you deserve.' Jesus came to save, not to condemn (John 3:17).

That's not to say that they should tolerate your alcoholic behavior. Instead, they should offer to help you. Your spouse, friends, or relatives can find out how to help you by contacting a Spirit-filled fellowship, AA, or ALANON, an organization for friends and relatives of alcoholics.

As You Pray

If you are not yet a born-again Christian, ask God to forgive you, save you and fill you with the Holy Spirit. An unforgiven, unclean drunkard cannot inherit the Kingdom of God (I Corinthians 6:10; I John 1:8,9; Romans 10:13; Luke 13:5; Acts 1:8).

Pray for deliverance. Offer thanks and praise for God's deliverance, mercy, ever-present help and power to overcome.

Pray for deliverance from fear -- the fear that 'I won't be able to make it' (II Timothy 1:7).

If you want to experience God's abundant LIFE, pray this simple prayer with me:

Heavenly Father, I come to you in Jesus' name. I know that I am a sinner and need your forgiveness. I believe that You died on the cross for my sins and rose from the grave to give me life. I know You are the only way to God so now I want to quit disobeying You and start living for You. Please forgive me, change my life and show me how to know You. In Jesus' name. Amen.
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Faith That Moves There are only two people in the Bible that were said to have 'GREAT FAITH' by Jesus. One was the Centurian and the other was this woman. Both of them were Gentiles and probably considered not worthy of receiving anything from God because of it.

I] There were three obstacles facing this woman:

#1. Jesus was silent. Perhaps He wanted her to exercise her faith and put it into action. There are many times in our own lives when we ask God for a specific thing over and over and don’t see any results. All we get is silence from God and we think that He is not listening. He may be putting our faith to the test!!!.

There are two types of faith; #1.The faith that says; I believe but doesn’t move on what they believe. And on the other hand is;#2.'Great Faith', persistant faith, faith that will refuse to give up because of a word from God. Real faith is more than just saying that you have faith. It’s moving on God’s principles even though the odds may be against you. JAMES 2:18 SAYS; 'But someone may say, you have faith and I have works; show me your faith without the works, and I will show you my faith by my works'.

#2. Another obstacle was the rejection from the disciples. Has someone ever rejected you? Don’t let that become the obstacle between you and God. It just may be the difference between receiving your miracle or not. This woman was not going to let her opportunity pass her by. Even though the disciples asked Jesus to send her away she kept on coming.

#3. She was undeserving. She was a Gentile, a sinner and a woman, three strikes against her in Jewish society. When we come to God we too feel many times that we are undeserving and we are. But the blood of Jesus makes us clean and now when God looks at us, He sees His son. He sees us through His blood that was shed for us on that cross. Don’t ever let anyone make you feel that you are not worthy!!


II] There was eight things about this woman that moved God into action;

#1. She was short and to the point. She didn’t have time for the long religious prayer. She needed her miracle now!!!

#2. She was humble. Being humbe is a condition of the heart. 'HUMBLE YOURSELF IN THE SIGHT OF THE LORD AND HE WILL LIFT YOU UP'.

#3. She was fervant(showing great emotion) It wasn’t external emotionalism but it came from her innermost being and all of the sudden she became a worshipper of God, 'SHE CAME AND KNEELING, WORSHIPED HIM'(v.25).

#4. She was desperate. This word comes from the word despair. It’s when a person is overcome by a sense of defeat.
Perhaps she had tried everything else and this was her only hope, like the lady with the issue of blood.
She had gone to the exorcist and he couldn’t do anything; to the doctor and he couldn’t do anything; to the sorceror and he couldn’t do anything. And all of the sudden she found out that Jesus was in town and something inside of her jumped and gave her witness that this was her day!!!

#5. She was rational. She knew that Jesus could do it. She wasn’t asking for something that was impossible. This wasn’t a luxury, it was a necessity. Many times we don’t get what we ask for because it’s not really necessary.

#6. She was worshipful, respectful and acknowledged who Jesus was, look
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Pastor S. Zomok You can view videos and listen to audio files here.

I am conservative, evangelical, partial preterist, amillennial. I also lean toward Covenant theology. I consider most talk and teaching about the 'endtimes' to be both unbiblical and even foolish.

*Jesus Christ is our divine saviour and the eternal logos of God, uncreated, and Yahweh, but subordinate to the father. The deity of Christ is affirmed by a host of scriptures.(John 1:1-14..).

*We are saved by the blood of Jesus and his work on the cross. Without Gods grace we are dead. We must have faith in Christ Jesus (Romans 10:9-13))

*As one favoring Amillennialism, I favor a two age system: this and the endless one to come. The church period is the Millennium and the second coming is the end of this age.

* The catching up (rapture) takes place at the singular second coming and all evil is destroyed at that time. It comes as a theif in the sense that it is not on a calender for us to see. Everyone will know when it happens as it will be a loud event (shout and trump..1 Thess. 4:16..)

*There is no 7 year tribulation. The 70 weeks of Daniel 9 logically go together as one 490 year unit ending in about 34 AD. There is no logical reason to cut the 70th week off and put it in the 'endtimes'.

*Although I support the the tiny jewish state of Israel, it in no way is a regathering of 'israel' and 1948 means nothing prophetically.

*The Congregation of Christian believers is Israel under the New Covenant (Just chapter 2 of Ephesians, alone, proves this).

*Ezekiel 38/39 had two past fullfillments that are more satisfying to the scriptures than the modern idea of Russia coming down with tanks and such. One took place at the time of Esther and the other was when Antiochus Epiphanes iv attacked..166 BC, as many older commentaries teach.

*I promote the study of typology, e.g. the blood of Jesus replaces the blood of animals; christian believers replace the levitical preisthood, and Jesus is now the singular high priest and king. All the furniture in the wilderness tabernacle are types and shadows pointing to Jesus and the New Covenant.

*Pastorzomok on (contains links to my other places)

*drstevez on
*Elderzomok on
*Chesed1 on Twitter
*Zomok on
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Sojourn Music Sojourn music began with a rag-tag group of musicians from a variety of backgrounds. The Bible talks about how the church should be one body with many parts, and this is evident in Sojourn music. Musicians with backgrounds in jazz, country, and pop come together with musicians from indie and punk rock backgrounds, seeking to serve the Church with a sense of unity and beauty.
Since launching in 2000, Sojourn Music has recorded 7 albums of original music, including the critically-acclaimed album “Before the Throne”, an album of songs that work through the movements of the liturgy, and “Over the Grave”, an album of re-written and re-imagined hymns by Isaac Watts. “The Water and the Blood” is their newest release, a dark Americana album recorded live in the studio in January 2011.
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